已執行計畫 / 形上學

形上學

形上學

所屬學門 哲學
Project Discipline Philosophy
計畫名稱 形上學
Project Title Metaphysics 
計畫主持人 鄭志忠
PI Jyh-Jong Jeng
共同主持人 陳思廷、莊慧玲
co-PI Szu-Ting Chen, Hwei-Lin Chuang
執行單位 國立清華大學哲學研究所
Institution/Department Graduate Institute of Philosophy, NTHU
執行期限 06/01/2010~05/31/2013
Project Period 06/01/2010~05/31/2013
計畫書目 連結
Book List Link
計畫簡介 雖然國內標舉形上學研究的人不多,但實際上對形上學感興趣或所研究的論題其實涉及形上學的人卻不少。一方面,這是因為「形上學」這個語詞有歧義,以及難以對形上學的研究對象與領域加以界定。我們大致可以將「形上學」的意義區分為古典的與當代的。古典形上學著重超越的面向,當代形上學卻致力於探詢世界理解的內在結構。兩者儘管觀點相左,但卻有共同的主題,即關懷人與世界的關係問題。另一方面,國內的哲學研究或者採專家或學派取向,或者從其他哲學分科的觀點切入研究與「形上學」相關的議題;一般而言,他們都自稱所研究的,例如是現象學問題或邏輯問題、科學哲學問題等,而不是形上學。所以,如果我們兼顧形上學在歷史發展中的意義轉變,對形上學採取寬鬆的解釋,那麼將發現國內對形上學研究感興趣的人其實不少。但這樣一來,國內在形上學方面的圖書館藏就顯得相當零散與不足。本計畫的主要目是,建立一個相對完整的形上學圖書資料庫,以提供國內相關學者的教學與研究之用。 本計畫為期三年。為了不失龐雜與無序,我們依「專家向度」與「論題向度」提出擬購的圖書清單,逐年採購。挑選圖書的主要標準有二:一是哲學家的歷史效應之經典性,另一是與當代形上學議題相關的核心程度。但兩項標準卻是彼此緊密相關的。 
Introduction It is generally thought that there are few metaphysicians in Taiwan’s philosophical circles, but if we take a closer look at the research conducted by our fellow philosophers, we find that  a great many research topics in which they are interested are related to metaphysics.  The misconception is caused, on the one hand, by the ambiguity of what philosophers mean by the term metaphysics and, on the other hand, by the fact that it is very hard to identify the study objects and domains of metaphysics.  The first source of confusion regarding the meaning of metaphysics is that philosophers assign to the term various temporal adjectives, such as “classical” and “contemporary.”   Classical metaphysics focuses on investigating the structure of the world from a  transcendental  viewpoint; contemporary metaphysics, in contrast, aims to inquire about the internal structure of our understanding of the world.  Although these two conceptions of metaphysics are at opposite poles, they have a common metaphysical theme; they both are concerned with the interaction between human beings and the world.  The second source of confusion is that many Taiwan’s philosophers proclaim that their research involves no metaphysical interest; they generally regard what they do as the study of a certain philosopher’s idea, a philosophical school’s position, or a specific division of philosophy, such as the philosophy of science; but a closer look shows that their actual work does not conform to their description of it.  Our idea is that if we closely examine the changes that have occurred historically in the meaning of metaphysics and adopt a looser interpretation of its meaning, then we may discover that there are many philosophers in Taiwan who are interested in metaphysics.  This discovery may prove to illustrate that philosophers from each subdivision—such as philosophers of science and moral philosophers—may buy books that are related to metaphysical topics that are relevant to their own research.  Therefore, it is no wonder that books with metaphysical titles are widely dispersed in Taiwan’s academic libraries.  The main purpose of our proposed book-purchase project is to establish a relatively complete database of those monographs that are related to metaphysics titles so that this consolidated resource can be used by scholars as a research and teaching support. Our proposed project is a three-year project.  This project’s tentative book list is roughly arranged along two dimensions: the dimension of philosophers and the  dimension of philosophical themes.  There are two criteria for a book to be listed: if the book is related to the topic of a certain philosopher, the criterion would be the importance of the philosopher and the impact the philosopher has had in the development of philosophy; if the book is about a certain topic in metaphysics, the criterion would be the degree of relevance of the topic to contemporary metaphysics.  Although these two criteria are different, they are closely related.